The Ramingining community is located on the edge of the heritage-listed Arafura Wetlands in central Arnhem Land. It lies approximately 580 kilometres east of Darwin, 435 kilometres west of Nhulunbuy and 30 kilometres inland from the coast.
The community was established in the early 1970s and became recognised as Aboriginal land with the passage of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act of 1976.
The land upon which Ramingining township is built is owned by the Djadawitjibi people of the Djinang group. They are Yolgnu people, whose principal creative being is Garrtjambal, the Red Kangaroo. Garrtjambal links all the land-owning groups in the region, travelling from the south-east in the Roper River region across the mainland and over to Milingimbi.
Approximately 1000 residents from 13 clan groups live in Ramingining, where the main language spoken is Djambarrpuyngu. Other languages include Dhuwala and Dhay’yi.
The community owns and runs the Bula’bula Arts Centre. Many of the actors in the 2006 film Ten Canoes came from Ramingining and nearby Murwangi. The community also has an airport, general store, school, police station and health centre. Total alcohol restrictions apply.
While Ramingining is accessible by road and air, it is often closed off during the wet season. A permit from the Northern Land Council is required to visit.